Preconception and Pregnancy
Professional Resource Guide
Table of Contents
- Reports, Guides, and Other Resources
- Data and Statistics
- Literature and Research
- Programs Databases
- News and Commentary
- Adolescent Pregnancy and Parenting
- Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention
- Assisted Reproductive Technologies
- Community Services Locator
- Depression During and After Pregnancy
- Environmental Health
- Fertility and Infertility
- Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
- Health Insurance and Access to Care
- Home Visiting
- Infant Mortality and Pregnancy Loss
- Intimate Partner Violence
- Maternal Distress in the Perinatal Period and Child Outcomes
- Nutrition During Preconception and Pregnancy
- Prematurity and Preterm Birth
- Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Gateway
- Tobacco, Alcohol, and Substance Use During Preconception and Pregnancy
This professional resource guide directs readers to a selection of current, high-quality resources that analyze data, describe effective programs, and report on policy and research aimed at improving access to and quality of preconception and prenatal care to improve perinatal health outcomes. This professional resource guide can be used by health professionals, program administrators, policymakers, and researchers to learn more about preconception and pregnancy, for program development, and to locate training resources and information to answer specific questions. A separate brief lists resources for families. This professional resource guide has been developed by the MCH Digital Library at Georgetown University and will be updated periodically. View Related MCH Digital Library Resources for guides about childbirth, fertility and infertility, medications, nutrition during preconception and pregnancy, and more.
for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Evidence-based information on health care outcomes; quality; and cost, use, and access. Links to evidence reports and research findings about maternal
health and pregnancy.
College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
(ACOG). Information and materials about preconception and pregnancy
for health professionals. Topics include health
care for underserved women; perinatal HIV; maternal
mortality; diabetes and pregnancy; tobacco, alcohol,
and substance abuse; and women with disabilities.
Note: Some resources on the website are accessible
to members only. Web accessible resources include
Immunization for Women. Updates and advisories on immunizations for adult and adolescent women, including those who are pregnant and breastfeeding. Includes information on seasonal flu and other vaccine-preventable diseases, immunization safety fact sheets, recommended immunization schedules, and practice-management guidelines.
- Before, Between, and Beyond Pregnancy: The National Preconception Curriculum
and Resources Guide for Clinicians. Continuing education modules, descriptions of state plans and programs for
preconception and interconception care, news, key articles and guidance
for specific high-risk conditions, and practice supports for physicians,
nurse midwives, nurse practitioners, and physicians' assistants.
- Centering Healthcare Institute: Centering Pregnancy. Information about this model for group prenatal care that integrates health assessment, education, and support to empower women to choose health-promoting behaviors. Includes a bibliography of research and evaluation studies and video clips about the model.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Division of Reproductive Health. Links to reports, data, and other resources about preconception and pregnancy, including pregnancy-related complications, tobacco use, folic acid consumption, and emergency preparedness and response.
National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD). Scientific publications and tools, guidelines, educational materials, an electronic discussion group, and information about research projects and public health campaigns to prevent birth defects. Topics include preconception care, folic acid consumption, preventing alcohol-exposed pregnancies, medication use during pregnancy, diabetes and pregnancy, using family history information in obstetrics and pediatrics, preventing infections during pregnancy, and genetics counseling.
Other resources and initiatives about preconception and pregnancy from CDC:
Group B Strep. Guidelines, clinical tools, and patient-education materials for obstetric and neonatal health professionals and laboratory professionals about preventing perinatal Group B Streptococcal Disease.
Guidelines for Vaccinating Pregnant Women. Information about vaccinating pregnant women and women who are breastfeeding.
One Test, Two Lives. Resources for health professionals and materials for their patients to help encourage universal voluntary prenatal testing for HIV.
Also see CDC's National Vital Statistics Reports, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), Pregnancy Surveillance System (PNSS), and VitalStats.
- CityMatCH. Tools and resources for implementing initiatives to support the improvement of local perinatal HIV systems, mobilize urban communities to reduce infant mortality and pregnancy loss, and reduce racial inequities in infant mortality in urban communities.
- Family Planning National Training Centers (FPNTC). Resources for Title X family planning grantees and agencies to deliver reproductive health services to the Title X community and beyond. Includes family planning guidelines, fact sheets, and other publications; webinars and courses; and information on events, the Affordable Care Act, new recommendations, and communities of practice.
- Global Library of Women's Medicine. Peer-reviewed clinical information and guidance on women's health for health
professionals. Includes surgical video clips, diagnostic atlases, information
about laboratory tests, patient-education materials, and a special section
on safer motherhood.
- Healthy People
2020. National health-promotion and disease-prevention
initiative of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). View the overview, objectives, and recommended interventions and resources for family planning and maternal, infant, and child health, which include objectives about pregnancy planning, maternal and infant morbidity and mortality, pregnancy health and behaviors, and preconception health and behaviors.
Family Foundation (KFF): Women's Health Policy.
Fact sheets, issue briefs, meeting
materials, and data for
policymakers, journalists, advocates, and public
health professionals about women's reproductive
health and access to care, including pregnancy-related
- March of Dimes (MOD). Perinatal
statistics, educational tools, research and medical reference information, and patient-education
materials on topics that include preconception, pregnancy,
prenatal screening, and genetics.
and Child Health Bureau (MCHB).
Information about MCHB's projects and initiatives
on behalf of America's women, infants, children,
adolescents, and their families. Initiatives include
Healthy Start, a program to address factors contributing
to infant mortality, low birthweight, and other adverse
perinatal outcomes in high-risk populations, and
the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) Program, a federal, state, and community collaboration to improve health and development
outcomes for children who are at risk through evidence-based
Healthy Start Association (NHSA).
Information about the federal Healthy Start
program and its efforts to address infant mortality,
infants with low birthweights, and racial disparities
in perinatal outcomes.
Includes a directory of Healthy Start projects nationwide, tools to raise awareness about infant mortality, and a newsletter
- Office of Minority Health: A Healthy Baby Begins with You. Information about this national campaign to raise awareness about infant mortality with an emphasis on the African-American community. Includes campaign materials and infant mortality disparities fact sheets. Also presents information about another aspect of the campaign, the Preconception Peer Educators (PPE) Program, which is designed to educate college students about preconception health and care and to train them to serve as ambassadors for their peers who are not attending college.
- Strong Start for Mothers and Newborns. Information about this initiative to reduce the risk of significant complications
and long-term health problems for pregnant women and infants. Components include
public-private partnership to reduce early elective deliveries and a
funding opportunity for testing new approaches to prenatal care. Strong Start
is a joint effort between the Centers for Medicare and
Medicaid Services (CMS), the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA),
the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), and organizations
devoted to the health of mothers and newborns.
Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
A wealth of resources for health and social
services professionals, including professionals
who work on SIDS/ID issues, first
responders, and child
care providers, as well as for families about
risk reduction and bereavement
support for pregnancy loss and sudden and
unexpected infant and child death. Resources
include bibliographies, statistics, Spanish-language
materials, a multimedia
collection, a resource
article summaries, and a training
toolkit. Presented by the MCH Digital Library at Georgetown University.
- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Center for Maternal and Infant Health. Preconception and pregnancy research and program information, algorithms for the management of high-risk pregnancies, screening protocols and policies, and patient-education fact sheets in English
and Spanish on pregnancy topics, genetics,
and serious pregnancy and fetal conditions.
- What to Expect Foundation: Baby Basics Prenatal Health Literacy Program. Program information and tools, case studies, models, and guidelines to provide coordinated, evidence-based prenatal-health education within underserved communities.
The MCH Digital Library has a large collection of publications and other resources about preconception and pregnancy. To view them, search the library's catalog MCHLine® using the search form. Type preconception in the keyword field and set publication date limits. Click on Search MCHLine to get your results. Conduct a separate search by typing pregnancy in the keyword field and setting publication date limits.. There will be some overlap in the search results. Conduct yet another search by typing "prenatal care" in the keyword field and setting publication date limits.. Again, there will be some overlap in the search results. Add keywords to further refine your search, using terms such as access, "pregnancy outcome", and childbirth. Include quotation marks as indicated.
Search the following databases for access to data and statistics about preconception and pregnancy. The MCH Digital Library resource brief, Maternal and Child Health Data and Statistics, describes these databases and offers tips for searching them.
Guttmacher Institute Data Center
Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP): HCUPnet
Health Indicators Warehouse (HIW)
Healthy People 2020: DATA2020
National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy
National Center for Health Statistics (NCSH): Surveys and Data Collection Systems
National Vital Statistics Reports
Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance System (PNSS): Pregnancy Data Tables
Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)
Title V Information System (TVIS)
Search the following databases for access to additional literature and
research about preconception and pregnancy. The MCH Digital Library
resource brief, Maternal
and Child Health Literature and Research Databases describes these
databases and offers tips for searching them.
Bioethics Research Library Databases
Food and Nutrition Information Center (FNIC) Databases
Healthy People 2020 Evidence-Based Resources
Healthy Start Toolkit
Maternal and Child Health Research Program: Funded Projects Search
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Series
National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC)
National Institutes of Health (NIH) Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tool (RePORT)
POPLINE® (POPulation information onLINE)
TOXNET (Toxicology Data Network)
Search the following databases for information about additional programs focusing on preconception
and pregnancy. The MCH Digital Library resource brief, Maternal
and Child Health Programs Databases, describes these
databases and offers tips for searching them.
Discretionary Grant Information System (DGIS)
Health Care Innovations Exchange
Health Services Research Projects in Progress (HSRProj)
MCH Organizations Database
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Birth Defects Surveillance
Listserv. This electronic discussion group aims to enhance communication among public health professionals working at the state level in birth defects surveillance and prevention.
- National Healthy Start Association (NHSA).
Getting Off to a Healthy Start. This newsletter informs Healthy Start staff and others in the MCH community about successful community-based approaches to reducing infant mortality and improving perinatal outcomes. The newsletter also highlights research and evaluation findings, legislative activities, and conference announcements.
Healthy from the Start. This blog offers updates about NHSA work and news from the MCH community about efforts to eliminate infant mortality, low birthweight, and racial disparities.
- National Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition (HMHB).
Monday Morning Memo. This weekly newsletter presents summaries of news and resources about maternal and infant health. Preconception and pregnancy are frequently addressed.
Text4baby Tuesday. This weekly newsletter presents information about Text4baby, which offers free weekly messages by cell phone to help pregnant women and new parents through pregnancy and their infant's first year. Sign up for Text4baby Tuesday to receive news from the national campaign and get program updates on partners' innovative promotion across the country. Also see the National Institute for Health Care Management (NIHCM) Foundation fact sheet, Partnering to Promote Healthy Babies (2011), which describes the Text4baby service, highlights how health plans and health plan foundations support Text4baby, and suggests ways plans and foundations can partner with state and local governments and community organizations to further promote the service.
- See the MCH Digital Library family resource brief Preconception and Pregnancy for links to resources for care, services, and support before and during pregnancy and websites about preconception and pregnancy. A separate section lists websites for pregnant adolescents.
- Adolescent Pregnancy and Parenting resource brief
- Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention professional resource guide, family resource brief, school resource brief
- Assisted Reproductive Technologies resource brief
- Breastfeeding resource brief
- Childbirth resource brief
- Community Services Locator: An Online Directory for Finding Community Services for Children and Families professional resource guide
- Depression During and After Pregnancy professional resource guide, family resource brief
- Environmental Health resource brief
- Fatherhood resource brief
- Fertility and Infertility resource brief
- Genetics resource brief
- Health Insurance and Access to Care for Children and Adolescents professional resource guide, family resource brief, school resource brief
- Home Visiting resource brief
- Infant Mortality and Pregnancy Loss professional resource guide, family resource brief
- Intimate Partner Violence professional resource guide, family resource brief
- Maternal Distress in the Perinatal Period and Child Outcomes professional resource guide
- Medications resource brief
- Nutrition During Preconception and Pregnancy resource brief
- Prematurity and Preterm Birth resource brief
- Screening resource brief
- Sleep in Infants, Children, Adolescents, and Pregnant Women professional resource guide, family resource brief, school resource brief
- Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Gateway
- Tobacco, Alcohol, and Substance Use During Preconception and Pregnancy resource brief
Preconception and Pregnancy: Professional Resource Guide, 3rd ed.
(January 2012). (Updated: August 2014).
Author: Susan Brune Lorenzo, M.L.S., MCH Digital Library.
Reviewers: Jeanne Anastasi, M.A., National SUID/SIDS Resource Center; Shree Mohanty, M.A., M.S., R.D., L.D., Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Region V; Olivia K. Pickett, M.A., M.L.S., MCH Digital Library.
Editor: Ruth Barzel, M.A., MCH Digital Library.