Depression During and After Pregnancy
This professional resource guide presents resources about the prevalence and incidence of perinatal depression; identification and treatment; impact on the health and well-being of new mothers and their infants; and implications for service delivery.
See Depression Among Women (2017) by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for information about depression symptoms, treatments, and a checklist to help women speak with their health professionals about their experiences.
Websites: resources from 5 key websites
- KEY RESOURCE Postpartum Support International (PSI). Education and training opportunities for health professionals about perinatal mental health and the assessment, care, and treatment of perinatal mood and anxiety disorders. Includes patient-education materials, contact information for state and local support groups, phone forums facilitated by health professionals, and a help line.
- Center for Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation: Five Action Steps to Address Maternal Depression in Head Start Programs. Strategies and resources for Head Start and other early childhood programs to reduce the impact of depression in the families they serve. Includes validated screening tools, staff training modules and materials, and resources about reflective supervision for staff.
- Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Women's Mental Health: Reproductive Psychiatry Resource and Information Center. Research and program information, bibliographies, and a blog about the evaluation and treatment of perinatal psychiatric disorders, including depression. Topics include medication use during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Includes information about the National Pregnancy Registry for Psychiatric Medications, a repository of information about the safety of psychiatric medications that may be taken by women during pregnancy to treat a wide range of mood, anxiety, or psychiatric disorders.
- Support and Training to Enhance Primary Care for Postpartum Depression (STEP-PPD). Online learning module for primary care health professionals to improve understanding, assessment, and treatment of postpartum depression. Includes screening tools, assessment and treatment algorithms, case studies, and video clips.
Reports, Briefs, Webinars, and Other Electronic Resources
Data and Statistics
- See Women's Health USA 2012 (2013). The section Postpartum Depressive Symptoms presents narrative, graphs, and data on the topic. (Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)).
- See MCH Digital Library resource brief, Maternal and Child Health Data and Statistics, and, in particular, the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS).
Journal Articles and Other Literature and Research
- Automated search of PubMed for English-language articles about depression during and after pregnancy published in the last 2 years. Use the filters in the left sidebar to narrow your search by article type, among other limits. Or, use the MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) database to identify additional search terms (e.g., (depression, postpartum OR (depression AND pregnancy)) AND socioeconomic factors). PubMed contains citations and abstracts for biomedical articles indexed by the National Library of Medicine (NLM), with links to full-text articles when available.
- Search the following databases for access to additional literature and research about depression during and after pregnancy. MCH Digital Library resource brief, Maternal and Child Health Literature and Research Databases describes these databases and offers tips for searching them.
Maternal and Child Health Research Program: Funded Projects Search
National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC)
National Institutes of Health (NIH) Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tool (RePORT)
POPLINE® (POPulation information onLINE)
- 2020 Mom Project. Recommendations for system changes among hospitals and health insurers to educate families; reduce triggers; and screen, diagnose, and treat women suffering from maternal mental health disorders, including perinatal depression.
- Healthy Start. A program to address factors contributing to infant mortality, low birthweight, and other adverse perinatal outcomes in high-risk populations. Services include screening for maternal depression and treatment referral for positively screened women. (Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)).
- Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) Program. A federal, state, and community collaboration to improve maternal, infant, and early childhood health and development for families who are at risk through evidence-based home-visiting programs. (Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)).
- Mothers and Babies: Mood and Health Research Program.
- See MCH Digital Library resource brief, Maternal and Child Health Programs Databases, and, in particular, the Discretionary Grant Information System (DGIS) and the Health Services Research Projects in Progress (HSRProj).
News and Commentary: blogs.
- Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Women's Mental Health: Reproductive Psychiatry Resource and Information Center Blog. Articles about perinatal and reproductive psychiatry.
- Postpartum Support International: PSI Blog. Personal stories and articles about events important to the postpartum support community. Also see PSI's Useful Links page for more blogs and other sources.
MCH Digital Library Guides on Related Topics
- Community Services Locator: An Online Directory for Finding Community Services for Children and Families professional resource guide
- Health and Wellness for Adolescent Girls and Women with Mental and Behavioral Health Conditions professional resource guide, family resource brief
- Home Visiting resource brief
- Maternal Distress in the Perinatal Period and Child Outcomes professional resource guide, family resource brief
- Medications resource brief
- Preconception and Pregnancy professional resource guide, family resource brief
Resources for Women and Families
See MCH Digital Library family resource brief Depression During and After Pregnancy.
Depression During and After Pregnancy: Professional Resource Guide, 4th ed. (July 2013). Updated May 2017.
Author: Susan Brune Lorenzo, M.L.S., NCEMCH.
Contributors: Beth DeFrancis, M.L.S., NCEMCH; Tracy Lopez, M.S.L.S., NCEMCH.
Reviewers: Michelle LaRue, M.D., National Alliance for Hispanic Health; Shree Mohanty, M.A., M.S., R.D., L.D., Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Region V; Olivia K. Pickett, M.A., M.L.S., NCEMCH; Anna Rough Grignon, M.A., M.E.S., CityMatCH.
Editor: Ruth Barzel, M.A., NCEMCH.