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Strengthening the evidence for maternal and child health programs

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Displaying records 1 through 8 (8 total).

Stevens V, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Van Oost P. Bullying in flemish schools: An evaluation of anti-bullying intervention in primary and secondary schools. Br J Educ Psychol. 2000;70:195- 210.

Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Stevens%20V%5BAuthor%5D&cauthor=true&cauthor_uid=10900778

NPM: 9: Bullying
Intervention Components (click on component to see a list of all articles that use that intervention): YOUTH, Adult-led Support/Counseling/Remediation, PARENT/FAMILY, Presentation/Meeting/Information Session/Event, CLASSROOM, Adult-led Curricular Activities/Training, Class Rules, SCHOOL, Teacher/Staff Meeting, Teacher/Staff Training, School Rules

Intervention Results:

Victimization - Traditional Bullying

  • Study only reported significant effects.
  • A significant difference was found for the Treatment with Support group vs. the Treatment Without Support group, showing an increase in mean scores in the Treatment with Support group at posttest 1 and no change at posttest 2 and a small decrease in the Treatment without Support group at posttest 1 and 2.
  • Students in the control group did not differ from students in both condition groups.

Pepetration/Aggression - Traditional Bullying

  • Study only reported significant effects.
  • A significant difference was found for the Treatment with Support group vs. Treatment without Support group (p<0.004), showing an increase at posttest 1 and 2 for the Treatment with Support group and a decrease at posttest 2 for Treatment without Support group.
  • Students in the control group did not differ from students in both condition groups.

Cross D, Shaw T, Hadwen K, et al. Longitudinal impact of the cyber friendly schools program on adolescents’ cyberbullying behavior. Aggress Behav. 2016;42(2):166-180.

Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26351263

NPM: 9: Bullying
Intervention Components (click on component to see a list of all articles that use that intervention): PARENT/FAMILY, Notification/Information Materials (Online Resources, Information Guide), CLASSROOM, Adult-led Curricular Activities/Training, Peer-led Curricular Activities/Training, Training (Parent/Family), SCHOOL, Teacher/Staff Meeting, Teacher/Staff Training, School Rules

Intervention Results:

Victimization - Cyberbullying

  • The intervention was associated with a steeper decline in the log odds of cybervictimization (p=0.028) between pretest and the first posttest. Trends in the log odds between the first posttest and the second posttest were similar (p=0.380). For involved students, the intervention had no impact on the frequency or extent of cyberbullying exposure.

Perpetration/Aggression - Cyberbullying

  • The intervention was associated with a steeper decline in the log odds of cyber perpetration (p=0.012) between pretest and the first posttest. Trends in the log odds between the first posttest and the second posttest were similar (p=0.165). For involved students, the intervention had no impact on the frequency or extent of cyberbullying perpetration.

Houlston C, Smith PK. The impact of a peer counselling scheme to address bullying in an all‐girl london secondary school: A short‐term longitudinal study. Br J Educ Psychol. 2009;79(1):69-86.

Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18435867

NPM: 9: Bullying
Intervention Components (click on component to see a list of all articles that use that intervention): YOUTH, Peer-led Mentoring/Support Counseling, CLASSROOM, Adult-led Curricular Activities/Training, SCHOOL, School Rules

Intervention Results:

Victimization - Traditional Bullying

  • Across all grade levels, there was no significant difference between pretest and posttest in the number of students who reported recent victimization (p=0.54).
  • Examining the results by grade level showed that reported recent victimization remained the same in year 7 (p=1), year 8 (p=0.24), and year 9 (p=0.82).

Perpetration/Aggression - Traditional Bullying

  • Across all grade levels, there was no significant difference between pretest and posttest in the number of students who reported recent bullying behavior (P<0.127).
  • Examining the results by grade level showed that reported recent bullying remained the same in year 7 (p=0.53) and year 9 (p=0.81), but increased significantly in year 8 (p<0.05).

Nixon CL, Werner NE. Reducing adolescents' involvement with relational aggression: Evaluating the effectiveness of the creating A safe school (CASS) intervention. Psychol Sch. 2010;47(6):606-620.

Link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/pits.20494

NPM: 9: Bullying
Intervention Components (click on component to see a list of all articles that use that intervention): CLASSROOM, Peer-led Curricular Activities/Training, SCHOOL, Teacher/Staff Training, School Rules, Media Campaign (Print Materials, Public Address System, Social Media)

Intervention Results:

Victimization - Traditional Bullying

  • Students were classified into the nonvictimized, average, or high-victimized group based on their pretest relational victimization scores.
  • Results showed that the intervention effect was significant for all three groups of students for both physical and relational victimization. Students in the nonvictimized and average groups reported increasing levels of physical and relational victimization from pretest to posttest, while students in the high-victimized group reported decreases in both forms of victimization over time.

Perpetration/Aggression - Traditional Bullying

  • Students were classified into the nonaggressive, average, or high-aggressive based on their pretest relational aggression scores.
  • The intervention effect was significant for all three groups of students for both physical aggression and relational aggression with one exception: reports of physical aggression among students in the high-aggressive group did not change significantly from pretest to posttest. Students in the non-aggressive and average groups reported increases in physical aggression. Results showed that students in the non-aggressive and average groups reported increasing levels of relational aggression from pretest to posttest, whereas students in the high-aggressive group reported decreases in relational aggression over time.
  • Results showed that although males reported higher levels of aggression than females did, both males and females reported slight increases in aggression between pretest and posttest.

Peterson L, Rigby K. Countering bullying at an Australian secondary school with students as helpers. J Adolesc. 1999;22(4):481-492.

Link: https://ac.els-cdn.com/S0140197199902427/1-s2.0-S0140197199902427-main.pdf?_tid=42708ad0-22ba-4c63-9dc0-ac1fb3308acc&acdnat=1526304288_73659ce9a58e06931208278d9153f069

NPM: 9: Bullying
Intervention Components (click on component to see a list of all articles that use that intervention): YOUTH, Adult-led Support/Counseling/Remediation, Peer-led Mentoring/Support Counseling, CLASSROOM, Peer-led Curricular Activities/Training, SCHOOL, Assembly, Reporting & Response System, Teacher/Staff Training, School Rules, Media Campaign (Print Materials, Public Address System, Social Media)

Intervention Results:

Overall, there was not a decline in reported victimization at posttest. However, for students in Grade 7, the mean Victim Score decreased significantly from pretest to posttest (p=0.05). For students in Grade 9, the mean score increased significantly from pretest to posttest (p<0.05). No significant changes in victimization were found for students in Grades 10 and 11.

Bauer NS, Lozano P, Rivara FP. The effectiveness of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program in public middle schools: A controlled trial. J Adolesc Health. 2007;40(3):266-274.

Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17321428

NPM: 9: Bullying
Intervention Components (click on component to see a list of all articles that use that intervention): YOUTH, Adult-led Support/Counseling/Remediation, PARENT/FAMILY, Presentation/Meeting/Information Session/Event, Notification/Information Materials (Online Resources, Information Guide), CLASSROOM, Adult-led Curricular Activities/Training, Enforcement of School Rules, SCHOOL, Assembly, Reporting & Response System, Bullying Committee, Teacher/Staff Meeting, Teacher/Staff Training, School Rules, Identification and Monitoring of/Increased Supervision in Targeted Areas, POPULATION-BASED SYSTEMS, COMMUNITY, Media Campaign (Print Materials, Radio, TV)

Intervention Results:

  • Overall, there was no difference in relational (RR=0.96, 95% CI: 0.86-1.08) or physical (RR = 1.01, 95% CI: 0.87-1.17) victimization comparing the intervention schools to the control schools over the two-year period.
  • When stratified by race/ethnicity, white students in intervention schools were 27.5% less likely to report relational (RR=0.72, 95% CI: 0.53-0.98) and 36.6% less likely to report physical victimization (RR=0.63, 95% CI: 0.42-0.97) compared to white students in control schools. No statistically significant results were found for students of other race/ethnicity groups.
  • No significant effects were found when results were stratified by gender or grade.

Bowllan NM. Implementation and evaluation of a comprehensive, school‐wide bullying prevention program in an urban/suburban middle school. J Sch Health. 2011;81(4):167-173.

Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21392008

NPM: 9: Bullying
Intervention Components (click on component to see a list of all articles that use that intervention): YOUTH, Adult-led Support/Counseling/Remediation, PARENT/FAMILY, Notification/Information Materials (Online Resources, Information Guide), Presentation/Meeting/Information Session/Event, CLASSROOM, Enforcement of School Rules, SCHOOL, Bullying Committee, Assembly, Reporting & Response System, Teacher/Staff Meeting, Teacher/Staff Training, School Rules, Identification and Monitoring of/Increased Supervision in Targeted Areas, POPULATION-BASED SYSTEMS, COMMUNITY, Media Campaign (Print Materials, Radio, TV)

Intervention Results:

Victimization - Traditional Bullying

  • The study only reported significant findings and findings with percentile changes of 15% or more.
  • With regard to composite victimization, comparing 7th grade females postintervention to those pre-intervention, there was a 31.1% decrease in reports of being bullied (p=0.022). Comparing 8th grade females post-intervention to those pre-intervention, there was a 25.0% increase in reports of the frequency of being bullied (p=0.038).
  • With regard to physical victimization, comparing 8th grade females postintervention to those pre-intervention, there was a 20.0% increase in reports of being physically bullied (p=0.035).
  • With regard to verbal victimization, comparing 8th grade females post-intervention to those pre-intervention, there was a 35.0% decrease in reports of being indirectly verbally bullied (p=0.035).
  • With regard to relational victimization, comparing 7th grade females postintervention to those pre-intervention, there was a 34.4% decrease in reports of being excluded (p=0.009).

Perpetration/Aggression - Traditional Bullying

  • The study only reported significant findings and findings with percentile changes of 15% or more.
  • With regard to composite victimization, comparing 8th grade females postintervention to those pre-intervention, there was a 35.6% increase in reports of taking part in bullying others (p=0.003). For 7th grade males, there was a 21.8% increase in reports of taking part in bullying others; however, the difference did not reach statistical significance.

Schroeder BA, Messina A, Schroeder D, et al. The implementation of a statewide bullying prevention program: Preliminary findings from the field and the importance of coalitions. Health Promot Pract. 2012;13(4):489-495.

Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21422258

NPM: 9: Bullying
Intervention Components (click on component to see a list of all articles that use that intervention): YOUTH, Adult-led Support/Counseling/Remediation, PARENT/FAMILY, CLASSROOM, Adult-led Curricular Activities/Training, Enforcement of School Rules, Notification/Information Materials (Online Resources, Information Guide), SCHOOL, Bullying Committee, Reporting & Response System, Teacher/Staff Training, School Rules, POPULATION-BASED SYSTEMS, COMMUNITY, Presentation/Meeting with Community Officials (School Boards, Administrators, Police), Media Campaign (Print Materials, Radio, TV)

Intervention Results:

Victimization - Traditional Bullying

  • Schools that agreed to district-wide implementation became part of HALT!, while districts that chose to implement at the building level became part of PA CARES. Results were reported separately for the different sites.
  • Results from 999 high school students in 3 schools in Cohort 1 after 2 years of program implementation of HALT! showed a statistically significant decrease in reports of being bullied.
  • Results from 6048 high school students in 7 schools after 1 year of program implementation of PA CARES showed a significant decrease in reports of being bullied.

Pepetration/Aggression - Traditional Bullying

  • Schools that agreed to district-wide implementation became part of HALT!, while districts that chose to implement at the building level became part of PA CARES. Results were reported separately for the different sites.
  • Results from 999 high school students in 3 schools in Cohort 1 after 2 years of program implementation of HALT! showed a statistically significant decrease in reports of bullying others. Results from 7446 high school students in 13 schools in Cohort 2 after 1 year of program implementation of HALT! showed statistically significant fewer reports of bullying others and fewer reports of students who could join in bullying. Results from 12972 middle school students in 15 schools in Cohort 2 after 1 year of program implementation of HALT! showed statistically significant fewer reports of students who could join in bullying.
  • Results from 9899 middle school students in 13 schools after 1 year of program implementation of PA CARES showed a slight but non-significant decrease in the reports of students bullying others. Results from 6048 high school students in 7 schools showed a significant decrease in reports of bullying others.
   

This project is supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under grant number U02MC31613, MCH Advanced Education Policy, $3.5 M. This information or content and conclusions are those of the author and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should any endorsements be inferred by HRSA, HHS or the U.S. Government.