Coker, A. L., Bush, H. M., Cook-Craig, P. G., DeGue, S., Clear, E. R., Brancato, C. J., Fisher, B. S., Recktenwald, E. A., & Davenport, M. (2017). Randomized controlled trial testing bystander effectiveness to reduce violence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 52 (5), 566-578.
NPM: 7-2: Child Safety/Injury (10-17 years)
Intervention Components (click on component to see a list of all articles that use that intervention): SCHOOL, Assembly, CLASSROOM, Presentation/meeting/information Session (Classroom), Adult-led Curricular Activities/Training, Peer-led Curricular Activities/Training, PATIENT/CONSUMER, Community-Based Group Education
Intervention Results:A total of 89,707 students completed surveys. The primary, as randomized, analyses conducted in 2014–2016 included linear mixed models and generalized estimating equations to examine the condition−time interaction on violence outcomes. Slopes of school-level totals of sexual violence perpetration (condition−time, p<0.001) and victimization (condition−time, p<0.001) were different over time. During Years 3–4, when Green Dot was fully implemented, the mean number of sexual violent events prevented by the intervention was 120 in Intervention Year 3 and 88 in Year 4. For Year 3, prevalence rate ratios for sexual violence perpetration in the intervention relative to control schools were 0.83 (95% CI=0.70, 0.99) in Year 3 and 0.79 (95% CI=0.67, 0.94) in Year 4. Similar patterns were observed for sexual violence victimization, sexual harassment, stalking, and dating violence perpetration and victimization.