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Strengthen the Evidence for Maternal and Child Health Programs

Search Results: MCHLine

Items in this list may be obtained from the sources cited. Contact information reflects the most current data about the source that has been provided to the MCH Digital Library.

Displaying records 1 through 10 (10 total).

Board on Health Sciences Policy. 2008. Autism and the environment: Challenges and opportunities for research—Workshop proceedings. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 358 pp.

Annotation: These proceedings provide information from the workshop, Autism and the Environment: Challenges and Opportunities for Research. The workshop, conducted by the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders, was held on April 18-19, 2007. The focus was on improving the understanding of the ways in which environmental factors such as chemicals, infectious agents, or physiological or psychological stress can affect brain development. Topic include presentations, as well as a transcript of question-and-answer sessions following the presentations.

Contact: National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, N.W., Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001, Telephone: (202) 334-3313 Secondary Telephone: (888) 624-8373 Fax: (202) 334-2451 E-mail: Web Site: Available in libraries. Document Number: ISBN-10 0-309-10881-0; ISBN-13 978-0-309-10881-2.

Keywords: Autism, Chemicals, Conference proceedings, Environmental influences, Nervous system diseases, Research, Stress

Paul NW, Golia SR, ed. 1989. Research in infant assessment: Proceedings of a symposium held by the Association for Children and Adults with Learning Disabilities (ACLD), Inc.. White Plains, NY: March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, 169 pp. (Birth defects: Original article series; v. 25, no. 6)

Annotation: These proceedings of a symposium held by the Association for Children and Adults with learning Disabilities (ACLD) addressed the question: Is a risk index for learning disabilities in the cradle a valid concept? The symposium reviewed recent research indicating potential for predicting later learning disabilities through new assessment techniques performed with newborns. Topics included: 1) assessment of reproductive and caring variables; 2) minor physical anomalies; 3) electrical activity mapping; 4) auditory evoked responses from newborns; 5) prenatal exposure to teratogenic agents; 6) prenatal and neonatal exposure to lead; 7) acoustic cry analysis; 8) use of a risk index in infancy; 8) neurobehavioral assessment in newborns; and 9) metabolic correlates.

Contact: March of Dimes, 1275 Mamaroneck Avenue, White Plains, NY 10605, Telephone: (914) 997-4488 Secondary Telephone: Web Site: Available in libraries.

Keywords: Congenital abnormalities, Drug induced congenital disorders, Lead poisoning, Learning disabilities, Neonatal screening, Nervous system diseases, Prenatal screening, Risk assessment, Teratogens

U.S. Public Health Service, Office of the Surgeon General. 1988. Surgeon General's report on nutrition and health. [Washington, DC]: U.S. Public Health Service; for sale by U.S. Government Printing Office, 727 pp., (summ. 78 pp.)

Annotation: This report sets out the major policy of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) on the role of diet in health. Developed in response to increasing recognition that the major nutritional problems among Americans are a result of dietary excesses and imbalances rather than deficiencies of single nutrients, the report reviews the scientific evidence on the relationship of diet and chronic disease risk and makes dietary recommendations which can improve the health of many Americans, including that of mothers and children. A separate volume lists the summary and recommendations from the full report.

Contact: U.S. Government Publishing Office, 732 North Capitol Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20401, Telephone: (202) 512-1800 Secondary Telephone: (866) 512-1800 Fax: (202) 512-2104 E-mail: Web Site: Available from the website. Document Number: HRSA Info. Ctr. MCHA370, MCHA369; GPO No. 017-001-00465-1.

Keywords: Alcohol, Anemia, Breastfeeding, Child nutrition, Dental care, Diabetes mellitus, Gastrointestinal diseases, Health, Health promotion, Hypertension, Infant nutrition, Maternal nutrition, Nervous system disorders, Nutrition, Obesity, Oral health, Policies, Prevention

Capute A. 1987. Neurodevelopmental Precursors of Learning Disability [Final report]. Baltimore, MD: John F. Kennedy Institute for Handicapped Children,

Annotation: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive validity (and clinical utility) of selected aspects of infant development in relationship to later specific learning disability. The study sought to determine whether the neurodevelopmental substrate for learning disorders could be detected prior to academic underachievement. 240 children participated in the study. The findings of the study supported the original premise: Early deviations in the pattern of development are associated with developmental dysfunctions in other areas. Such deviations are detectable by techniques that can be employed in the course of well-child care. If replicated, the data give primary care providers a means of placing infants "at risk" for learning dysfunction that is based on performance instead of history. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

Contact: National Technical Information Service, O.S. Department of Commerce, 5301 Shawnee Road, Alexandria, VA 22312, Telephone: (703) 605-6050 Secondary Telephone: (888) 584-8332 E-mail: Web Site: Document Number: NTIS PB88-173828.

Keywords: Learning disabilities, Nervous system diseases, Preschool children, School-age children, Specific learning disability (SLD)

Levy H. 1987. Study of Maternal PKU and Hyperphenylalaninemia [Final report]. Boston, MA: Children's Hospital,

Annotation: The purpose of this study was to answer three major questions confronting young women with PKU, their families, and those involved in the care of PKU: (1) Does fetal damage occur at any level of maternal hyperphenylalaninemia or only when the mother has classic PKU?; (2) does control of the maternal biochemical abnormalities during pregnancy prevent fetal damage?; and (3) what type and degree of medical and social care and followup is necessary to ensure that women with PKU are given optimal advice and treatment in regard to childbearing? The project studied the effects of maternal phenylketonuria and hyperphenylalaninemia on 58 offspring from untreated pregnancies in 22 mothers who were identified by routine screening of umbilical cord blood. Based on the findings, the researchers concluded that it is likely that fetal damage from maternal phenylketonuria can be largely and perhaps entirely prevented by dietary therapy, but therapy must begin before conception for the best chance of a normal infant. The findings highlight the need for identification and followup of young women with PKU and the need for some kind of limited re-screening program or centralized registry so that women with PKU can be identified and educated regarding the risks of maternal PKU. [Funded by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau]

Contact: National Technical Information Service, O.S. Department of Commerce, 5301 Shawnee Road, Alexandria, VA 22312, Telephone: (703) 605-6050 Secondary Telephone: (888) 584-8332 E-mail: Web Site: Document Number: NTIS PB88-173711.

Keywords: Hyperactivity, Mental retardation, Nervous system diseases, Phenylketonuria (PKU), Pregnant women, Women, Young women

Freeman JM, ed. 1985. Prenatal and perinatal factors associated with brain disorders. Bethesda, MD: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 449 pp.

Annotation: This book has three purposes: to summarize current knowledge about pre- and perinatal risk factors for mental retardation, cerebral palsy and epilepsy, and establish for the infant with a perinatal problem the relative and absolute risk for later neurologic handicap; to examine whether medicine can establish the etiology of a given neurologic dysfunction; and to understand how to account for babies with mental retardation and cerebral palsy who are not accounted for by perinatal problems.

Keywords: Brain diseases, Nervous system disorders

Niswander KR, Gordon M. 1972. The women and their pregnancies: The Collaborative Perinatal Study of the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, National Institutes of Health; for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, 540 pp., 2 microfiche.

Annotation: This is the first publication of the results of the Collaborative Perinatal Study of the National Institute of Neurological Disease and Stoke; the study was undertaken from 1959 to 1965. The study was conducted to examine the range and etiology of perinatal death, and to identify areas for intervention or for more specific research. This report describes the design of the study; presents the characteristics and conditions of the pregnancies studied, and provides the framework necessary for understanding the further detailed development of specific areas of information. Two microfiche inserted into a pocket pasted in the inside back cover present data on characteristics and conditions of pregnancy, by institution.

Keywords: Birth injuries, Infant mortality, Nervous system diseases, Perinatal influences, Pregnancy, Prenatal care, Statistics

Hardy JB, ed. 1971. Proceedings of a symposium on factors affecting the growth and development of children, March 30, 1970. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press, 166 pp.

Annotation: These proceedings discuss a project to clarify relationships between perinatal influences and minor impairment of central nervous system function. It also discusses causative factors responsible for the known relationship between poverty and higher frequency of cerebral defects, particularly of a milder degree. Perinatal influences discussed are gestational age and birth weight of the fetus, serum bilirubin levels of newborns, full-term neonates with hyperbilirubinemia, cord serum immunoglobulin levels and long-range fetal outcome. The symposium was conducted by the Johns Hopkins Collaborative Perinatal Project, supported in part by the U.S. Children's Bureau.

Keywords: Brain damage, Central nervous system diseases, Child development, Fetal development, Perinatal influences

Karelitz S. 1969. When your child is ill: A guide to infectious diseases in childhood [Rev. ed.]. New York, NY: Random House, 568 pp.

Annotation: This manual is designed to alert lay people to conditions in children that necessitate prompt medical attention and to answer many common questions parents have about children's communicable disease. The manual is divided into eight main parts: (1) about causes, symptoms, and prevention, (2) common childhood diseases, (3) respiratory diseases and related conditions, (4) diseases of the nervous system, (5) intestinal diseases, (6) diseases of the mouth and eyes, (7) skin conditions, and (8) venereal diseases. Each section includes common questions and their answers.

Keywords: Child health, Communicable diseases, Eye diseases, Intestinal diseases, Mouth diseases, Nervous system diseases, Parents, Prevention, Respiratory diseases, Sexually transmitted diseases, Skin diseases

U.S. Children's Bureau. 1965. The child with central nervous system deficit: Report of two symposiums. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 149 pp. (Children's Bureau publication; no. 432-1965)

Annotation: This report consists of papers delivered at two symposia sponsored the University of Pennsylvania, the Journal of the American Physical Therapy Association, and the Children's Bureau of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. The report discusses children with central nervous system deficit, dual sensory role of muscle spindles, basic mechanisms of motor learning, postural integration at spinal levels, predisposing genetic and metabolic factors in developmental defects of the central nervous system, perinatal problems and the central nervous system, attitudinal reflex, normal motor development, variations and abnormalities of motor development, some considerations of muscle activity, plasticity of the nervous system of early childhood, mental retardation and the child with central nervous system deficit, patient evaluation, evaluation in the assessment of motor performance, tests and evaluation tools for the child with central nervous system deficit, cerebral palsy, physiology of sensation, and mechanisms in the control of movement. It is a publication of the U.S. Department of Labor, Children's Bureau.

Contact: Maternal and Child Health Library at Georgetown University, Telephone: (202) 784-9770 E-mail: Web Site: Available from the website.

Keywords: Assessment, Central nervous system diseases, Cerebral palsy, Children, Evaluation, Genetic disorders, Mental retardation, Metabolic diseases, Motor skills, Movement disorders, Neuromuscular diseases, Perinatal influences, Sensory impairments


This project is supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under grant number U02MC31613, MCH Advanced Education Policy, $3.5 M. This information or content and conclusions are those of the author and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should any endorsements be inferred by HRSA, HHS or the U.S. Government.