Werner EE, Smith RS. 1989. Vulnerable but invincible: A longitudinal study of resilient children and youth. New York: Adams, Bannister, Cox, 228 pp.
Annotation: This is the third book published based on information gathered from the Kauai Longitudinal Study. The first book, "Children of Kauai," examined the effects of cumulative stress on children ranging from perinatal factors to poverty and inadequate caregiving; the effects included developmental problems, poor school achievement, physical disabilities, and intellectual retardation, among others. The second, "Kauai's Children Come of Age," examined the correlates of those stressors by focusing on the children's mental health problems and anti-social behavior. This book considers the children in the study who, despite the same limiting factors, managed to develop into competent young adults, who have demonstrated the necessary resilience to overcome their vulnerability. The book provides an overview of the study and the methodology, and examines sex differences in vulnerability and resiliency. It then considers the personal characteristics and the caregiving environments for the vulnerable but resilient children for each cycle of life, infancy, toddlerhood, middle childhood, and late adolescence. The book examines the interrelationships between significant child and caregiver variables to determine the implications for research and social action.
Contact: Adams, Bannister, and Cox, 460 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10027, Available in libraries. Document Number: ISBN 0-937431-03-6.
Keywords: Adolescents, Children, Hawaiians, Longitudinal studies, Resilience, Vulnerability, Youth